Archive for category Food policy
Market Structure, Growth and Competition in the Supermarket Sector in Latin America, by Juan Delgado. Background note for Session III of the 13th meeting of the OECD-IDB Latin American Competition Forum on 23-24 September 2015 in Jamaica. September 2015.
Op-ed: Competition in the Supermarket Sector in Latin America. Competition Policy International. Latin America Column. 26 October 2015.
Supermarkets play a limited but increasingly important role in Latin-America groceries retail markets. Traditional grocery retailers still play a substantial role in most Latin American countries and the penetration of supermarkets is still behind the developed countries. Paradoxically, within the supermarkets sector, concentration is high and a small number of large players are present in several countries. As personal income increases, the size of the middle class grows and the logistics and transport infrastructure develops, supermarkets are expected to expand further becoming the main gatekeeper for most grocery products. As supermarkets penetration increases, there is generally a process of transfer of market power from manufacturers and producers to retailers. In Latin America, producers and manufacturers still have substantial market power (and, consequently, bargaining power) in several product markets. However, recent cases and commercial practices show that such bargaining power is eroding in favour of large supermarket chains, changing the competitive dynamics of retail markets.
Qu’ils mangent de la brioche: Europe and the eclipsed food crisis, by Juan Delgado and Indhira Santos
VOX. Research-based policy analysis and commentary from leading economists
The financial crisis has turned attention away from the food crisis. Low- and middle-income countries face significant challenges, and this column proposes EU policy changes that could help.
Juan Delgado and Indhira Santos argue that although the right issues are on the G8 table, what it is still lacking, after one year of continuously increasing prices, is comprehensive action: the G8 leaders‘ statement on food security lacks a clear plan in the first two policy areas -trade and aid- and remains vague in the field of biofuels.
The new food equation: do EU policies add up?, by Juan Delgado and Indhira Santos
Bruegel Policy Brief. www.bruegel.org. Issue 2008/06, 2008.
This policy brief looks at how EU policies should be adjusted to the higher food prices. The brief makes three policy recommendations: Innovation in biofuels should be encouraged but biofuels targets should be abandoned as they are expensive and distort agricultural and energy markets. Freer trade is needed for both efficiency and food security reasons. But more open markets will further increase the price of food for importing countries. An immediate and sustained aid increase should therefore be agreed.