ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF THE ENERGY EFFICIENCY PLAN OF THE CITY OF BILBAO, by Juan Delgado, Ibon Galarraga, Mikel González and Josu Lucas
DYNA Energía y Sostenibilidad, January 2015, vol. 4, no. 1, p.1-8.
Energy efficiency programmes aim to rationalize energy consumption and reduce carbon emissions. In the past 10 years an increasing number of cities and regions have developed efficiency plans. Energy efficiency programmes generally require new upfront investments in more efficient infrastructure and equipment which are offset by lower recurring energy costs. This paper analyses the economic and (direct and indirect) environmental effects of an energy efficiency plan based on a real case study in the city of Bilbao. Our analysis strives to differentiate between new and additional measures included in the plan and those that would have been implemented in any case, and to take into account alternative uses of the funds allocated to the programme. These issues are critical in understanding the real economic and environmental effects of such plans and to avoid double accounting for multiplicatier effects.