Home Bias and Market Integration in the EU, by Narcissa Balta and Juan Delgado
CESIFO Economic Studies, (2009); vol. 55(1), pp. 110-144.
The Single Market has been one of the core policies of the European Union. Twenty years after the launch of the Single Market Programme national borders still matter in Europe and consumption baskets and investment portfolios of EU countries still contain a predominant share of home products and equity. This article evaluates the success of integration policies in the European Union by assessing the magnitude and evolution of home bias across Europe in goods and services markets and in equity portfolio holdings. There are large differences in the degree of home bias across European countries. More worrisome is the home bias in goods and services that has barely changed in recent years. This might indicate that traditional integration policies are no longer effective and need to be transformed to continue delivering.